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|A Brief Introduction to Spanish Education
Spain is the earliest developing country in Europe.
It has always played a decisive role in Europe.
It is at the forefront of the world in terms of science, technology and education.
With the rise of Spanish and the revival of Spanish housing market, many parents will send their children to study or even invest in local property.
Compulsory education in Spain begins in the first grade of primary school, aged 6-16, and lasts until the fourth grade of junior high school.
After the age of 16, students can freely choose to enter ordinary high school or vocational high school.
Spanish schools have maintained the tradition of small class teaching, with no more than 30 students in each class.
1. Kindergarten stage Kindergarten education is the first step in Spanish education, but it is not compulsory education.
Parents are free to choose whether to send their children to kindergarten or not.
Spanish kindergartens are divided into two stages:
0 to 3 years old and 3 to 6 years olD.Unlike domestic kindergartens, the second stage is free in Spain.
The purpose of education in this period is to let children know their bodies, learn to get along with others, express themselves in different ways, and understand and observe their surroundings.
In kindergartens, children begin to learn to read and write, but they are not required to be fluent in reading.
They just need to learn the alphabet.
2. Primary school stage Primary school is the beginning of compulsory education in Spain, from 6 to 12 years olD.Unlike learning in China, language and mathematics are not the most important for Spanish children.
The most important thing is society, nature and sports.
They believe that it is more important for children aged six or seven to learn to know themselves, to know themselves, and to know how to protect themselves than to master textbook knowledge.
3. Middle School Stage The middle school stage is divided into junior high school and senior high school.
Junior middle school education, starting from the age of 12 or so, is still a compulsory education stage, mainly to cultivate students'independent cognitive ability, let students learn basic cultural knowledge, let them know their rights and obligations.
Each school can arrange the optional courses by itself.
Teachers and parents can help students choose according to their needs.
The purpose of elective courses is to help students choose their careers or study directions after graduation at the age of 16. At the same time, junior high school education also develops students'ability to analyze the modern world, improve their mother tongue and foreign language level, physical quality and the ability to appreciate music and art.
Spanish high schools have only two years to prepare students for higher education, higher vocational education or work.
Education in this period is mainly to cultivate students'research ability.
When they graduate from high school, students must write a thesis and participate in the defense of the thesis.
When students go to high school, teachers encourage them to learn by themselves and with other students.
They also teach them how to use appropriate research methods to start their papers.
4. University Stage There are 50 public universities in Spain, of which 30% are among the top 500 in the world, 29 private universities and 4 Catholic universities, and the three most prestigious business schools in the worlD.Since 2013, Spanish universities have accepted the "Bologna" reform and adopted the European higher education standard model.
Their academic qualifications and degrees are widely recognized worldwide.
Spanish universities have a wide range of specialties, among which architecture design, tourism management, Hotel management, exhibition, art and other specialties are world-renowneD.Spain's higher education is excellent in the fields of literature, architecture and painting.
Picasso, Dali, Gaudi and Cervantes are all from Spain.
Six Spaniards have won the Nobel Prize for Literature.
To apply for public schools in Spain, parents of children are required to go to the education bureau where they live.
The Education Bureau will arrange for public schools that are closest to home and currently have places for students according to their personal circumstances.
If parents have desire for schools, they can also apply to the education bureau.
By contacting the school through the education bureau, students can submit relevant materials for admission.
Private schools and international schools are relatively flexible in their applications.
Parents are free to choose schools and contact schools.
They can book to take their children to visit schools.
The process of visiting schools also enables teachers to understand students'personality and learning situation.
They have a preliminary impression on students.
Some higher-grade schools will set up entrance examinations for students.
Assessment criteria, through the school assessment, students can submit materials for registration, payment of admission.
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