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|How do American citizens support the elderly?
The United States sets the age of 65 as the standard for the elderly.
According to statistics and projections released by the United States Census Bureau, 35 million elderly citizens over 65 years of age in the United States in 2000, accounting for 12.4% of the population.
It is expected that by 2030, the aging population of the United States will increase dramatically to about 70 million people, accounting for 20% of the total population, that is, one in five people will be gray-haired, depending on the social security system and their own pension to survive.
Americans have many ways of life after retirement, which can be roughly divided into the following categories:
One is to spend his old age in his own home.
If they are in good health and can take care of themselves, the old couple can live independently of anyone.
If you are not in good health, you need to hire someone to help you take care of your diet and daily life.
The types of employees are hourly, daytime and full-time.
Old Americans depend very little on their children to take care of their lives.
Second, collective care life-style is the old apartment type.
This kind of life also belongs to the category of independent lifestyle, but it is much more convenient than living independently.
Residential areas generally provide lunch or lunch and evening meals, so they are exempt from the heavy burden of buying food and cooking in life.
At the same time, transportation, swimming pool, medical point, bank, convenience store, hairdresser, laundry, room cleaning and security services are all available in the residential area, which can fully meet the needs of life.
In addition, all health care and sports facilities in apartment buildings are completely free for all residents in the United States.
Third, to live in a nursing home.
Generally speaking, most of the elderly living in nursing homes are in poor health and need special personnel to take care of them.
Living in a nursing home is a bit like living in a hospital for a long time, but mainly for the ageD.Living and living here are cared for daily, and according to the needs of medical treatment and physical and even physical, language function training.
Such accommodation is often expensive.
These pension costs are mainly shared by the elderly themselves and their families, insurance companies and the government.
However, there are also operating and charitable nature of pension institutions, the vast majority of which belong to operating institutions.
Some poor people can't afford to pay, and can also apply for government relief programs to enjoy old-age care.
If family assets are exhausted, they can also apply for government relief.
It is worth mentioning that the U.S. government has invested tremendously in providing for the aged and played an important role.
In fiscal year 2003, the government allocated 230 billion US dollars to health care and 26 billion US dollars to Medicaid.
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