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7240310000~7240319999 belongs to pennsylvania


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pennsylvania local customs, tourist attractions

Pennsylvania major industrial sectors of metallurgy, textile, chemical industry, machinery manufacturing, metal processing, shipbuilding, electronics, electrical, the iron and steel industry is particularly prominent, steel production accounts for about 1/4. Pittsburgh is the largest iron and steel industrial center, Philadelphia is the fourth largest city in the United States and Quanzhou's largest industrial center. Coal is abundant, production after the West Virginia, ranking the second in the country, the Northeast Pennsylvania is the main origin of the United States anthracite. Agricultural land area accounts for 30% of the area of the state. Dairy income accounted for 50% of agricultural income, milk is the main agricultural products, concentrated in the northeastern state of. Beef cattle industry is distributed in the southwest. Planting industry are mainly maize, winter wheat, tobacco, potato, mushroom production in China, Kui River downstream Texas Hanna Lancaster County is a famous agricultural area etc.. Economic crops are tobacco and fruit etc..

Located in the eastern part of the United States, one of the 13 states in the state of. Pennsylvania northwest of Lake Erie, North and northeast of New York, east of New Jersey, Southeast of Delaware, south of Maryland, southwest of West Virginia, West and Ohio border.



Trade situation: in 2011 the total trade exports 41 billion 74 million U.S. dollars, the United States ranked tenth, accounting for 2.77% of the total U.S. exports, an increase of 17.6%. Major export markets for Canada, China, Mexico, Japan, germany. The main export products include mineral products, medicine, medical supplies, chemical products, machinery and equipment, transportation equipment, computer and electronic products, mechanical and electrical equipment and parts, alloy metal products, etc..
In 2011, China for Pennsylvania's second largest export market, exports of approximately for $35.23 million, an increase of 31.5% and 8.57% when the state of total exports accounted for. 2011 Penn's total exports to China in the 50 states of the United States listed the seven, the products are mainly exported to have mechanical excluding electrical products, chemical products, metals and minerals, computer and electronic products, primary metal processed products such as.

The independence hall was built from 1732 to 1756, which is a famous American historic building, and it is a symbol of American independence. Room but three, the table but a few, but more than a dozen chairs, but it was the seat of the U.S. Congress and the high court, is to sign the declaration of independence and the approval of the United States constitution.
Legislative, judicial and administrative separation of the three powers from now on, just and fair in this process based on the establishment of. Pennsylvania State Capitol Independent Building was the colonial period. First and second in the Americas conference held in September 1774 and 1775 may then, on July 2, 1776, 13 British colonies composed of representatives of the Continental Congress was held here, on July 4,
through the by Jackson in the drafting of the declaration of independence, announced that the North American colonies from the British, the establishment of "free and independent states of America". In the United States war of independence,
the Congress has commanded operations in the independence hall, and in this creation 0, entered into a permanent union of the United States of america. In May 25, 1787, representatives of this 13 state constitutional convention, presided over by Washington, and signed the constitution of the United states.
Now, the Independence Hall furnishings still intact, 13 conference table was covered with a green velvet cloth, placed paper, stationery and books.

Beijing, referred to as Beijing for short, is the capital, municipality directly under the Central Government of the People's Republic of China, a national central city, a mega-city, a national political center, a cultural center, an international exchange center and a center for scientific and technological innovation. It is the office of the Central Committee of China, the Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China and the National People's Congress.
Beijing is located in the north of North China Plain, back to Yanshan, adjacent to Tianjin and Hebei Province. The climate of Beijing is a typical semi-humid continental monsoon climate in the north temperate zone.
Beijing is the first batch of national historic and cultural cities and the world's largest number of world cultural heritage cities. More than 3,000 years of history has bred the Forbidden City, the Temple of Heaven, the Badaling Great Wall, the Summer Palace and many other places of interest and historic interest. As early as 700,000 years ago, the primitive tribe "Beijingers" appeared in Zhoukoudian area of Beijing. In 1045 BC, Beijing became the capital of Ji and Yan. Since 938, Beijing has successively become the capital of Liao, Jin Zhongdu, Yuan Dadu and Ming and Qing Dynasties. On October 1, 1949, it became the capital of the People's Republic of China.
By the end of 2015, the permanent population of Beijing was 21.705 million, an increase of 189,000 over the end of 2014. Among them, 8.226 million people are permanent immigrants, accounting for 37.9% of the permanent population. In 2015, Beijing achieved a GDP of 2296.86 billion yuan, an increase of 6.9% over 2014. On July 31, 2015, IOC President Bach announced that Beijing would join hands with Zhangjiakou to win the right to host the 2022 Winter Olympic Games. Beijing has thus become the first city in the world to host both the Summer Olympic Games and the Winter Olympic Games.
In 2015, Beijing achieved a GDP of 2296.86 billion yuan, an increase of 6.9% over 2014. Among them, the added value of the primary industry was 14.02 billion yuan, down by 9.6%; the added value of the secondary industry was 45.26 billion yuan, up by 3.3%; and the added value of the tertiary industry was 183.02 billion yuan, up by 8.1%. According to the resident population, the per capita GDP of Beijing reached 106,284 yuan (US$17064 at the annual average exchange rate).
Beijing is one of the four ancient capitals of China. There are many folk customs with local characteristics: Beijing snack, Beijing opera, Beijing rhyme drum, cross talk, stage play, iron board fast book, cloisonne, tooth carving, hairy monkey, lacquer carving, scorpion race and scorpion cage, sugar blower, noodlers and so on.
aviation Beijing Capital International Airport is the largest airport in the world. It is the main center of China International Airlines. It is located in Shunyi District, Beijing (administrative Chaoyang District), 20 kilometers away from the center of Beijing. Almost all domestic and international flights in Beijing stop and take off at Beijing Capital International Airport. Passenger throughput reached 81.929 million in 2012, second only to Atlanta Airport in the world. The airport and Beijing section are connected by the Beijing Airport Expressway, which can be reached in about 40 minutes under good road conditions. Beijing has also built a Beijing Metro Airport Line, which takes about 15 minutes from Dongzhimen to Terminal T2 of Beijing Capital International Airport.
The Palace Museum (also known as the Forbidden City) is the first palace building in Beijing. It is the largest existing palace complex in China and even in the world. It was originally the palace of the Ming and Qing dynasties. Its architecture has typical Chinese classical style and is the most precious treasure house of culture and art in China. The Summer Palace has both the exquisite and delicate water town in the south of the Yangtze River and the magnificent atmosphere of the northern gardens, the green water and pleasant scenery in Zhongshan Park. The Temple of Heaven is the largest ancient sacrificial building complex in China and the world's precious heritage of architectural art. It is the place where emperors of Ming and Qing dynasties offered sacrifices to heaven and prayed for valleys with complete layout and beautiful environment. The Ming Tombs are the largest ancient tombs group in Beijing, with 13 emperors'Mausoleums in Ming Dynasty, especially the Changling Mausoleum.


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joined western Indonesians in buying spices in Maluku.
They brought exotic new things to the islands such as clocks, firearms, sweet potatoes and Christianity.
Clove and nutmeg cultivation was stepped up to meet their demand.
After they fell out with the Ternate sultan Babullah and were expelled in 1575, they set up on the nearby island of Pulau Ambon instead.
The Portuguese also traded at Aceh (north Sumatra) and Banten (northwest Java), where the principal product was pepper, which had also been used for many centuries to liven up taste buds in Europe, China and elsewhere.
In the 17th century the Portuguese were pushed out of the Indonesian condiment business by a more determined, better armed and better financed rival.
The Dutch newcomers didn’t just want to buy spices, they wanted to drive other Europeans out of Asian trade altogether.
THE CHINESE IN INDONESIA As Indonesian trading states grew richer and more complex they came increasingly to rely on their growing numbers of Chinese settlers to oil the wheels of their economies.
Indonesia’s first recorded Chinese settlement was located at Pasai, Sumatra in the 11th century.
By the 17th century, Chinese were filling a whole spectrum of roles as middlemen, artisans, labourers, tax-collectors, businessmen, financiers, farmers and keepers of shops, brothels and opium dens.
Today ethnic-Chinese Indonesians own many of the country’s biggest and most profitable businesses.
For centuries they have also been the subject of jealousy and hatred, and the victims of repeated outbreaks of violence, including during the shocking 1998 Jakarta riots.
From Animism to Islam The earliest Indonesians were animists – they believed animate and inanimate objects had their own life force or spirit, and that events could be influenced by offerings, rituals or forms of magic.
Indonesia’s scattered prehistoric sites, and animist societies that have survived into modern times, provide evidence that there was often a belief in an afterlife and supernatural controlling powers, and that the spirits of the dead were believed to influence events.
Megaliths, found from Pulau Nias to Sumba and Sulawesi’s Lore Lindu National Park, are one manifestation of ancestor cults.
Some megaliths may be 5000 years old, but in Sumba animist religion is still alive and well, and concrete versions of megalithic tombs are still being erected.
Hinduism & Buddhism The British, keen to profit from the spice trade, kept It was contact with the comparatively control of the Maluku island of Run until 1667.
wealthy cultures of India in the first Then they swapped it for a Dutch-controlled island, few centuries AD that first led Manhattan.
Indonesians to adopt new belief systems.
Indian traders who settled in Indonesia continued to practise Hinduism, or its offshoot Buddhism.
Some built their own temples and brought in priests, monks, teachers or scribes.
Impressed local Indonesian rulers started to use the Indian titles Raja or Maharaja or add the royal suffix varman to their names.
It was a short step for them to cement their ties with the Indian world by adopting the Indians’ religion or philosophy too.
The earliest records of Indianised local rulers are 5th-century stone inscriptions in Sanskrit, found in west Java and near Kutai (now Tenggarong), Kalimantan.
These record decrees and tales of the glorious deeds of the kings Purnavarman and Mulavarman, respectively.
The major Indonesian states from then until the 15th century were all Hindu or Buddhist.
Sriwijaya, based in southern Sumatra, was predominantly Buddhist.
In central Java in the 8th and 9th centuries, the Buddhist Sailendra kingdom and the predominantly Hindu Sanjaya (or Mataram) kingdom constructed the great temple complexes of Borobudur and Prambanan respectively.
They sought to recreate Indian civilisation in a Javanese landscape, and Indian gods such as Shiva and Vishnu were believed to inhabit the Javanese heavens, though this did not obliterate traditional beliefs in magical forces or nature spirits.
In the 10th century, wealth and power on Java shifted to the east of the island, where a series of Hindu-Buddhist kingdoms dominated till the late 15th century.
The greatest of these was Majapahit (1294–1478), based at Trowulan.
Javanese Indian culture also spread to Bali (which remains Hindu to this day) and parts of Sumatra.
Islam In 1292, Marco Polo on one of his forays east Majapahit was eventually undone by visited Aceh and noted that local inhabitants had the next major religion to reach already converted to Islam.
Indonesia – Islam.
Muslim Arab traders had appeared in Indonesia as early as the 7th century.
By the 13th century Arabs had established settlements in major Indonesian ports, and it was then that the first local rulers, at Lamreh and Pasai in north Sumatra, adopted Islam.
Gradually over the next two centuries, then more rapidly, other Indonesian ports with Muslim communities switched to Islam.
Their rulers would become persuaded by Islamic teachings and, keen to join a successful international network, would usually take the title Sultan to proclaim their conversion.
Melaka on the Malay Peninsula, controlling the strategic Strait of Melaka, switched to Islam in 1436 and became a model for other Muslim states to emulate.
In Java, Sumatra and Sulawesi, some Muslim states spread Islam by military conquest.
The conversion of several north Java ports in the late 15th century meant that Hindu-Buddhist Majapahit was hemmed in by hostile states.
One of these, Demak, conquered Majapahit in 1478.
Indonesian Islam has always had a ‘folk religion’ aspect in that legends of Islamic saints, holy men and feats of magic, and pilgrimages to sites associated with them, have played an important part in Muslim life.
Tradition has it that Islam was brought to Java by nine wali (saints) who converted local populations through war or feats of magic.
The greatest of the Indonesian Muslim kingdoms, Mataram, was founded in 1581 in the area of Java where the Sailendra and Sanjaya kingdoms had flourished centuries earlier.
Its second ruler, Senopati, was a descendant of Hindu princes and helped to incorporate some of the Hindu past, and older animist beliefs, into the new Muslim world.
Christianity The last major religion to reach Indonesia was Christianity.
The Catholic Portuguese made some conversions among Islamic communities in Maluku and Sulawesi in the 16th century, but most reverted to Islam.
The Protestant Dutch, who gradually took control over the whole archipelago between the 17th and 20th centuries, made little effort to spread Christianity.
Missionaries active in the 19th and 20th centuries were steered to regions where Islam was weak or nonexistent, such as the Minahasa and Toraja areas of Sulawesi, the Batak area of Sumatra, and Dutch New Guinea (now Papua).
Rajas & Sultans The Hindu, Buddhist and Muslim states of Indonesia were not charitable organisations dedicated to their subjects’ welfare.
The great majority were absolute monarchies or sultanates, whose rulers claimed to be at least partly divine.
Their subjects were there to produce food or goods which they could pay as tribute to the ruler, or to do business from which they could pay taxes, or to fight in armies or navies, or to fill roles in the royal entourage from astrologer to poet

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