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8768590000~8768599999 belongs to jamaica


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jamaica local customs, tourist attractions

Jamaica, is an island in the Caribbean. The Indians Tylenol - family residence, Columbo moved to Jamaica in 1494, 1509 became a colony of spain. Occupied by the British in 1866, became a British colony in 1655. Declared independence in August 6, 1962, and is currently one of the members of the Commonwealth of nations.
Jamaica island is about 234 kilometers, 82 kilometers wide north-south, a territory of 11420 square kilometers, of which land area of 10991 square kilometers. To the east across the Jamaica Strait, and Haiti across the sea, about 140 kilometers south of cuba. The third largest island in the Caribbean, 1220 km long coastline. The area of Jamaica in the West Indies, only Cuba and Haiti in the third.

Terrain

The coastal area is alluvial plain. Such as: melon Guinea plain; the eastern mountain, central and Western Hills and limestone plateau. The karst landforms developed, the lack of surface runoff, cave.



Climate

Jamaica originated in Indian, meaning "forest and water town", Arawa Indians grams family residence. Jamaica area of 10991 square kilometers, is located in the northwest Caribbean, east across the Strait of Jamaica and Haiti, across and about 140 kilometers north from Cuba. It is the third largest island in Cuba and Hispaniola in the Caribbean area after. The island of Jamaica has numerous natural landscape, coast and CMO, towering mountains, the Pentium river drive around fascinating. Close to the white sand beaches, far to the hinterland of the rainforest tropical jungles, the scenery Gengu unchanged; the verdant hills will remind you to England countryside; flat that hominid recalled the African wilderness.
Jamaica is also a sports power, in the track and field is very good, the London Olympic Games to 4 gold, 4 silver, 4 copper, won the eighteenth place. From the first time to participate in the Olympic Games made 1 silver to 2012 has reached 10 gold, 18 silver, 15 bronze achievements. Most of it is made in track and field. Boulter is one of the most famous athletes in the country. As of the end of 2012, Jamaica famous sprinter Usain Bolt has made 17 gold medals, including six Olympic medals and broke seven world records.
The people of Jamaica 90 above all is black African, the rest mainly mixed, and generally younger tendency, about 60 age 29 years old of the following.
Tourism, mining, agriculture and the emerging information technology services industry is the pillar of the national economy. The tourism industry as the core of the service sector accounted for more than 60% of the total value of teeth GDP.
Delicious food
Jamaica has their own special meals, such as jerkpork, rundown, and pepperpotsoup stempandgo. The special taste of red fruit cod (ackee) is Jamaica's national dish. Fast food with guava cheese, banana pie and pie.
Jamaica is rich in rum and coffee. Rum is varied, have high degree (dark), also have low degree (light)
RUM
Rum (5)
Of,. They are the raw material for a variety of mixed liquor. Lanshan (BlueMountain) coffee flavored in the world famous TiaMaria wine and renowned veteran Jamaica (OldJamaica) wine is a good meal after meal. Red belt (RedStripe) is a better local beer. In addition, there are a variety of unique flavor of fruit juice. Imported wine is very expensive.

Qiqihar City is located in the Nenjiang Plain in the northwest of Heilongjiang Province. It borders Suihua in the east, Baicheng in Jilin Province in the south, Hulunbeier League in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in the West and Heihe in the north. It is one of the thirteen major cities approved by the State Council.
) Qiqihar city is a temperate continental monsoon climate. Its four seasons are characterized by drought and wind in spring, hot and rainy in summer, short frost in autumn and long dry and cold in winter. The southern part of Qiqihar belongs to the warm and arid agro-climatic region, the central part belongs to the mild and semi-arid agro-climatic region, and the northern part belongs to the cool and semi-humid agro-climatic region.
) Qiqihar is also the second largest city and municipality directly under the Central Government of Heilongjiang Province. It is the political, economic, scientific and technological, cultural and educational center and important transportation hub in the western region of Heilongjiang Province. It has seven districts, one city and eight counties under its jurisdiction.
Qiqihar is one of the thirteen big cities approved by the State Council.
Nenjiang County was assigned to Heihe City in 1970, Dulbert Mongolian Autonomous County and Lindian County to Daqing in 1993. The total area is now about 43,000 square kilometers.
) Qiqihar is a transportation and communication hub across Heilongjiang, Jilin and Inner Mongolia provinces. Railways are in all directions. Civil aviation has opened routes such as Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Wuhan, Shenyang, Dalian, Heihe and Hailar.
Water transportation links Beitong Heihe River, Dongtong Harbin, Jiamusi and other places.
Telephone communication has entered the international direct dial network.
Qiqihar has unique tourism landscape.
Zhalong Nature Reserve is the largest waterfowl and bird reserve in China and abroad.
Red-crowned cranes, the world's rare birds, are here to rest and live.
So Qiqihar is known as the city of Hexiang.
Qiqihar City is 359 kilometers away from the provincial capital Harbin City, located in the Songnen Plain in the central and western part of Heilongjiang Province. It faces Daqing Oil City in the East and Heihe River in the north.
Qiqihargu is called Bukui (meaning "auspicious" in Daur).
Qiqihar is a new tourist city with convenient transportation, complete communication facilities and rapid development of tourism.
Qiqihar is rich in tourism resources and has a long history of humanities. It has unique natural scenery, elegant ancient buildings and long historical relics.
In particular, Zhalong Nature Reserve, the world-famous home of rare birds and red-crowned cranes, is surrounded by water, pleasant scenery and natural interesting Mingyue Island, Longsha Park with unique lake and mountain scenery, pavilions and beautiful scenery, and historical and cultural relics such as Angangxi Cultural Site, Mahayana Temple, Mosque, Guandi Temple, Shibeishan and Tazicheng in the Neolithic Age are favored by tourists. The year has attracted a large number of Chinese and foreign visitors to come for sightseeing and tourism.
As the largest waterfowl and bird reserve in the world, Zhalong Nature Reserve attracts the world's rare birds, red-crowned cranes, to rest and live here.
So Qiqihar is also known as Hexiang.
The unique winter ice sculpture and snow scenery is even more spectacular, praised by Chinese and foreign tourists.

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uences (and recasts the West’s image of knights in shining language of religious conflict) armour as ruthless barbarians who pillaged the resonate to this day both within the Middle East, the horrors of which still reside in the Middle East and across the world at collective Arab consciousness.
large.
The Crusades of the 12th and 13th centuries are among the most famous of the early conflicts between Muslims and Christians.
Survey the mighty walls of the great Crusader castles at Karak and Shobak and it’s easy to see that both sides meant business: these were holy wars (albeit attracting mercenary elements) in which people willingly sacrificed their comfort and even lives for their faith in the hope of gaining glory in the hereafter – ironically, according to Islam at least, a hereafter shared by Muslims and the ‘People of the Book’ (Jews, Christians and so-called Sabians).
Built by King Baldwin I in the 12th century, the castles were part of Nureddin (literally ‘Light of the Faith’) was the son a string of fortifications designed to of a Turkish tribal ruler.
He united the Arab world control the roads from Damascus to and defeated the Crusaders in Egypt.
His campaign Cairo.
They seemed inviolable, and against the Crusaders was completed by Saladin they may have remained so but for (Restorer of the Faith), a Kurdish scholar and military leader.
Nureddin and Saladin, who between them occupied most of the Crusader strongholds in the region, including those of Oultrejordain (meaning ‘across the Jordan’).
The Damascus-based Ayyubids, members of Saladin’s family, squabbled over his empire on his death in 1193, enabling the Crusaders to recapture much of their former territory along the coast.
The Ayyubids were replaced by the Mamluks, who seized control of the area east of the Jordan River and rebuilt the castles at Karak, Shobak and Ajloun.
They used these strongholds as lookouts and as a series of staging posts for message-carrying pigeons.
Indeed, thanks to the superior communications that this unique strategy afforded, you could argue that the Crusaders were defeated not by the military might of Islam but on the wings of their peace-loving doves.
WESTERN LOVE AFFAIR WITH THE MIDDLE EAST (1516–1914) The Ottoman Turks took Constantinople in 1453 and created The Qala’at ar-Rabad at Ajloun was built by the one of the world’s largest empires.
Ayyubids.
In 1250 they were ousted by the They defeated the Mamluks in Mamluks, a group of foreign, adolescent warriors present-day Jordan in 1516, but serving as a soldier-slave caste for the Ayyubids, concentrated their efforts on the and the Mamluks ruled for the next 300 years.
lucrative cities of the region, such as the holy city of Jerusalem and the commercial centre of Damascus.
The area east of the Jordan River once again became a forgotten backwater.
Forgotten, that is, by the Ottoman Empire, but not entirely ignored by Western interests.
Indeed, the period of gradually weakening Ottoman occupation over the next few centuries also marked an increasingly intense scrutiny by the Europeans – the British and the French in particular.
In the preface to Les Orientales (1829) Victor Hugo wrote that the whole of the European continent appeared to be ‘leaning towards the East’.
This was not a new phenomenon.
Trade between the West and the East was long established and stories of the ‘barbaric pearl and gold’ of Arabia soon aroused the interests of a wider public.
By the late 18th century Europeans were making pleasure trips to the Syrian desert, adopting articles of Albanian and Turkish dress, carrying pocket editions of Persian tales and penning their own travelogues.
Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt’s monumental rediscovery of Petra in 1812 led to a further explosion of interest in the region.
Societies were founded for the purpose of promoting Middle East exploration and scholars began translating Persian, Arabic and Sanskrit texts.
Many aspects of the Orient were explored in Western fiction, much of which attracted a wide and enthusiastic readership.
Indeed, by the end of the 19th century the fascination with the Arabian East was, to use Edward Said’s phrase, no ‘airy European fantasy’ but a highly complex relationship defined by scientists, scholars, travellers and fiction writers.
This is the cultural backdrop upon which the political manoeuvrings of the 20th century were played out.
FIGHTING FOR AN ARAB LAND (1914–46) Writing of the Arab Revolt that passed through the heart of Jordan in Between 1775 and 1825, 87 volumes on aspects of the early 20th century, TE Lawrence the Near East were published in Britain alone and 46 described the phenomenon as ‘an reviews of the same books appeared in leading Arab war waged and led by Arabs journals between 1805 and 1825.
for an Arab aim in Arabia’.
This is a significant statement as it identifies a growing sense of political identity among Arab people throughout the last half of the 19th century and beginning of the 20th century.
This pan-Arab consciousness grew almost in proportion (or at least coincidentally) to the territorial interest of Western powers in Arab lands.
Slowly, in place of loose tribal interests Arabs came to define themselves as a single, unified entity – an Islamic ‘other’ perhaps to the Christian European threat pulsing around the Suez.
Arabs were prepared to fight for this new Arab nationalism, as Lawrence describes in the Seven Pillars of Wisdom, his account of the Arab Revolt: History shows that it was to take more than just ‘spur and rein’ to create viable Arab states; indeed complex diplomacy, both within Arab countries and in their relationship with the West, characterised the pursuit of nationalism throughout the 20th century.
THE HEJAZ RAILWAY The Hejaz Railway was built between 1900 and 1908 to transport pilgrims from Damascus to the holy city of Medina, reducing the two-month journey by camel and on foot to as little as three days.
For Jordan, and Amman in particular, this meant a boom in trade.
The 1462km line was completely funded by donations from Muslims – but functioned for less than 10 years.
The trains and railway line were partially destroyed in the Arab Revolt of 1917 during WWI.
The line was rebuilt as far south as Ma’an, but is now only used for cargo.
There is occasional talk of introducing a tourist passenger service between Aqaba and Wadi Rum.
The Arab Revolt Ironically, the new Arab nationalist movement cut its teeth not on a Western Christian enemy but on the Ottomans, the apathetic Muslim rulers who dominated most of the Middle East, including the area either side of the Jordan River.
The revolt was fought by Arab warriors on horseback, loosely formed into armies under Emir Faisal, the ruler of Mecca and guardian of the Muslim holy places, who had taken up the reins of the Arab nationalist movement in 1914.
He was joined by his brother Abdullah and the enigmatic British colonel TE Lawrence, known as Lawrence of Arabia (see the boxed text, Click here).
Lawrence helped with coordination and securing supplies from the Allies, as well as attacking the Turkish-controlled Hejaz Railway, in a campaign that swept across the desert from Arabia, wrested Aqaba from the Ottomans and eventually ousted them from Damascus.
By 1918 the Arabs controlled modern Sau

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