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8317100000~8317109999 belongs to california


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8317103321 8317109835 8317109838 8317109832 8317109837 8317109836 8317109831 8317109833 8317109830 8317109834 8317108257 8317108256 8317108251 8317108253 8317108250 8317108254 8317108259 8317108285 8317108288 8317108282 4315831710 4318831710 4312831710 4317831710 4316831710 4311831710 4313831710 4310831710 4314831710 4319831710 8317105582 8317105587 8317104364 8317104369 8317105772 8317104665 8317104668 8317104662 8317104667 8317104666 8317104661 8317104663 8317104660 8317104664 8317104669 8317104615 8317104618 8317104612 8317104617 8317104616 7276831710 7290831710 7294831710 7299831710 7231831710 7208831710 7248831710 7207831710 7206831710 7259831710 8317102353 8317102350 8317102354 8317102359 8317102385 8317102388 8317102382 8317102387 8317102386 8317102381 8317109867 8317102690 8317102694 8317102699 8317102155 8317102158 8317102152 8317102157 8317102156 8317102151 8317105109 8317105171 8317105148 8317105142 8317105147 8317105146 8317105141 8317105143 8317105140 8317105144 8317105149 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5872831710 5800831710 5878831710 5809831710 5871831710 5848831710 8317101976 8317101990 8317101994 8317102634 8317103555 8317103558 8317103552 8317103557 8317103556 8317103551 8317102876 8317102890 8317102894 8317102899 8317102255 8317102258 8317102252 8317102257 8317102256 8317102251 8317102253 8317102250 8317102254 8317102259 8317102285 8317102288 8317102282 8317102287 8317102286 8317102281 5953831710 5950831710 5954831710 5959831710 5985831710 5988831710 5982831710 5987831710 5986831710 5981831710 5983831710 5980831710 5984831710 5989831710 5925831710 5928831710 5922831710 5927831710 5926831710 5921831710 8946831710 8941831710 8943831710 8940831710 8944831710 8949831710 8995831710 8998831710 8992831710 8997831710 8317108009 8317108785 8317108788 8317108782 8317108787 8317108786 8317108781 8317108783 8317108780 8317108784 8317100777 8317100793 8317100745 8317100773 8317100770 8317100774 8317100779 8317102635 8317102638 8317102632 8317102637 8317102636 8317102631 8317102633 8317102630 8317101999 8317102639 8317100455 8317100458 8317100452 3106831710 3159831710 3172831710 3100831710 3178831710 3109831710 3171831710 3148831710 3142831710 3147831710 9629831710 9620831710 9604831710 9672831710 9677831710 9693831710 9645831710 9673831710 9670831710 9674831710 9679831710 9665831710 9668831710 9662831710 9667831710 9666831710 9661831710 9663831710 9660831710 9664831710 7689831710 7625831710 7628831710 7622831710 7627831710 7626831710 7621831710 7623831710 7675831710 7624831710 8317100607 8317100606 8317100659 8317100672 8317100600 8317100678 8317100609 8317100671 8317100648 8317100642 8317100647 8317100646 8317100641 8317100643 8317100640 8317100644 8317100649 8317100695 8317100698 8317100692 7116831710 7111831710 7113831710 7110831710 7114831710 7119831710 7135831710 7138831710 7132831710 7137831710 8996831710 8991831710 8976831710 8990831710 8994831710 8999831710 7273831710 7270831710 7274831710 7279831710 8580831710 8584831710 8589831710 8525831710 8528831710 8522831710 8527831710 8526831710 8521831710 8523831710 6249831710 5495831710 8798831710 4292831710 7697831710 3096831710 6291831710 5476831710 7890831710 3584831710 8317108096 8317108091 8317108076 8317108090 8317108094 8317108099 8317108715 8317108718 8317108712 8317108717 8317108716 8317108711 8317108713 8317108710 8317108714 8317108719 8317108485 8317108488 8317108482 8317108487 8726831710 8721831710 8723831710 8720831710 8724831710 8729831710 8721831710 8008831710 8048831710 8007831710 8560831710 8564831710 8569831710 8515831710 8518831710 8512831710 8517831710 8516831710 8511831710 8314831710 8317107723 8317107775 8317107724 8317107729 8317107720 8317107704 8317107772 8317108513 8317108510 8317108514 3956831710 3951831710 3953831710 2978831710 3954831710 3959831710 3985831710 3988831710 3982831710 3987831710 3986831710 3981831710 3983831710 3980831710 3984831710 3989831710 3925831710 3928831710 3922831710 3927831710 8317104726 8317104721 8317104723 8317104775 8317104724 8317104729 8317104720 8317104704 8317104772 8317104777 2672831710 2600831710 2678831710 2609831710 2671831710 2648831710 2642831710 2647831710 2646831710 2641831710 2643831710 2640831710 2644831710 2649831710 2695831710 2698831710 2692831710 2697831710 2696831710 2691831710 2767831710 2766831710 2761831710 2763831710 2760831710 2764831710 2769831710 2931831710 2908831710 2948831710 2907831710 2906831710 2959831710 2972831710 2900831710 3950831710 2909831710 2971831710 2948831710 2942831710 8317108519 8317108535 8317108538 8317108532 8317108537 8317108536 8317108531 8317108533 8317108530 8317108534 8317108539 8317108531 8317108508 8317108548 8317108507 8317108506 8317108559 8317108572 8317108500 8317108578 8317101258 8317101252 8317101257 8317101256 8317101251 8317101253 8317101250 8317101254 8317101259 8317101285 9004831710 9072831710 9077831710 9093831710 9045831710 9073831710 9070831710 9074831710 9079831710 9065831710 8317101228 8317101222 8317101227 8317101226 8317101221 8317101223 8317101275 8317101224 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8317101159 8317101185 8317101188 8317101182 8317101187 8317101186 8317101181 8317101183 8317101180 8317101184 3294831710 3299831710 3231831710 3208831710 7985831710 3207831710 3206831710 3259831710 3272831710 3200831710 8317108727 8317108726 8317108721 8317108723 8317108775 8317108724 8317108729 8317108720 8317108704 8317108772 4631831710 4633831710 4630831710 4634831710 4639831710 4631831710 4608831710 4648831710 4607831710 4606831710 2563831710 2560831710 2564831710 2569831710 2515831710 2518831710 2512831710 2517831710 2516831710 2511831710 8317105997 8317105996 8317105991 8317105976 8317105990 8317105994 8317105999 8317101299 8317101231 8317101208 9179831710 9165831710 9168831710 9162831710 9167831710 9166831710 9161831710 9163831710 9160831710 9164831710 7953831710 7950831710 7954831710 7959831710 3248831710 7988831710 7982831710 7987831710 7986831710 7981831710 8317105559 8317105585 8317104093 8317104045 8317104073 8317104070 8317104074 8317104079 8317104065 8317104068 7443831710 7440831710 7444831710 7449831710 7495831710 7498831710 7492831710 7497831710 7496831710 7491831710 8317105822 8317105827 8317105826 8317105821 8317105586 8317105581 8317105583 8317105580 8317105584 8317105589 8317104611 8317104613 8317104610 8317104614 8317104619 8317104635 8317104638 8317104632 8317104637 8317104636 6948831710 6942831710 6947831710 6946831710 6941831710 6943831710 6940831710 6944831710 6949831710 6995831710 5515831710 5518831710 5512831710 5517831710 5516831710 5511831710 4599831710 4725831710 4728831710 5550831710 8317106661 8317106663 8317106660 8317106664 8317100878 8317106615 8317106618 8317106612 8317106617 8317106616 8317101619 8317101635 8317101638 8317101632 8317101637 8317101636 8317101631 8317101633 8317101630 8317101634 8317101639 8317101631 8317101608 8317101648 8317101607 8317101606 8317101659 8317101672 8317101600 8317101678 8317106833 8317106830 8317106834 8317106839 8317106831 8317106808 8317106848 8317106807 8317106806 8317106859 8317106872 8317106800 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5586831710 4231831710 5583831710 5580831710 5584831710 5589831710 4611831710 4613831710 4610831710 4614831710 4619831710 4635831710 4638831710 4632831710 4637831710 4636831710 8317104483 8317104480 8317104484 8317104489 8317104425 8317104428 8317104422 8317104427 8317104426 8317104421 4826831710 4821831710 4823831710 4875831710 4824831710 4829831710 4820831710 4804831710 4872831710 4877831710 4893831710 4845831710 4873831710 4870831710 4874831710 4879831710 4865831710 4868831710 4862831710 4867831710 4866831710 2661831710 9063831710 4860831710 7464831710 2369831710 4815831710 8518831710 4812831710 4817831710 6631831710 6633831710 6630831710 6634831710 6639831710 6631831710 6608831710 6648831710 6607831710 6606831710 6659831710 6672831710 6600831710 6678831710 6609831710 6671831710 6648831710 6642831710 6647831710 6646831710 8317108777 8317108793 8317108745 8317108773 8317108770 8317108774 8317108779 8317105135 8317105138 8317105132
california local customs, tourist attractions
California is a state American Western Pacific coast. The North East in Oregon, Nevada and Arizona, south of Mexico, West by the Pacific ocean. Area of 411013 square kilometers, the name of the name from a small island in the Spanish legend.
The northwest corner of California have red Wood National Park; a Yosemite National Park, Jens Canyon National Park in eastern Sierra Nevada foothills west slope; southeast of Death Valley National Monument, the Joshua Tree National monument.
The state flower is the Jin Yingsu (Golden Poppy). The state bird is the California quail (California Valley Quail). The state tree is the California mahogany (California Redwood). The motto is "I have found it" (I have found it).
California is located in the southwestern United States, Mexico to the South and the Pacific Ocean to the West and north to Oregon, east of Nevada and adjacent to the southeast and Arizona.
State of California


Alias Golden State
Administrative region class state
USA belongs to western area
Under the jurisdiction of Losangeles area, San Francisco
Government resident of Sacramento
Area of 423970 square kilometers
A population of 40120000 (2013)
California dialect of English
Climatic conditions in different climate of North and South
The state public train station train station
License plate code CAL
The population density of 87.85 people / sq km (2013)


Climate and area: 423971 square kilometers of state area, ranking third in the United States 50. Is a temperate climate, humid and rainy winter, the average temperature of 7 degrees Celsius to 17 degrees Celsius; summer dry, sunny, the average temperature of 15 degrees Celsius to 26 degrees celsius.
Urban population: California national population density is the highest in the state. It has a population of about 3769 million (in 2011), ranking first in the nation, as a Chinese national is the most concentrated area, Sacramento (Sacramento), major cities in Southern California have (Los Angeles) and (Santiago), the major cities in Northern California is San Francisco.
History: in 1542-1579, Portuguese and the British people has came to California Adventure, began in the late 18th century, Spanish missionaries gradually established settlements.
1846-1848 years of the Mexican American war ended, California was divided into the United States and Mexico, today's California and Mexico. California joined the United States in 1850 to become the United States thirty-first states.
Economic indicators: California is the largest state of the U.S. economy, in 2011 GDP was $19589, accounting for 13.08% of the proportion of the United States GDP, ranking first in the state of the United states. 2011 per capita GDP51972 us dollars.
Trade situation: foreign trade occupies an important position in the economy of California, accounting for about 25% of California's gross domestic product, and second of American States in export trade (first in Texas).


2011 total exports of foreign trade 159 billion 350 million U.S. dollars, an increase of 11.3%. The main export products for civil aircraft and parts, electronic products, industrial machinery, computers, transportation tools, precision instruments, oil, etc.. California products to the world's 224 countries and regions, mainly in Mexico, Canada, China, Japan, Korea, China Hongkong, Taiwan, China, Germany, the United Kingdom, Holland, etc..
Japan is the largest investor in California, the other major foreign source countries are: Holland, the United Kingdom and germany. Foreign investors in the main areas of investment in California is very wide, there are manufacturing, service and wholesale. Investment in manufacturing is concentrated in the high-tech industries, such as chemical, pharmaceutical, computer and electronic industries. Foreign investment in the service industry is mainly concentrated in the bank, the foreign bank's assets in the total assets of the Bank of California accounted for 1/5.
武汉,简称汉,别称江城,湖北省省会、副省级市、国家区域中心城市(华中),地处江汉平原东部,是中国重要的工业基地、科教基地和综合交通枢纽。
截至2015年,武汉市下辖13个市辖区,3个国家级开发区,总面积8594平方公里,全市常住人口1060.77万。
武汉因其特殊的地理位置,成为全国重要的水陆空综合交通枢纽,有九省通衢之称,高铁网络连接大半中国,是中国铁路系统中重要的大型中转站以及内河重要港口 。
世界第三大河长江及其最大支流汉水在武汉交汇,造就了武汉隔两江立三镇地理特征,市内江河纵横、湖港交织,全境水域面积2217.6平方公里,占全市总面积的四分之一,构成了武汉滨江滨湖水域生态环境,因此武汉自古又称江城。
武汉是中国重要的科研教育基地。
截至2015年,在汉高等院校98所;其中普通高校和本科院校数仅次于北京,居中国第二;教育部直属全国重点大学数量居全国第三;[2-3] 在校大学生和研究生总数107.26万人 ,居全国第一。
[5-6] 2019年,第七届世界军人运动会将在武汉举行。
武汉市地理位置优越,长江及其最大支流汉江交汇于此,将武汉市区天然分成汉口、汉阳和武昌三镇,武汉是我国水陆交通枢纽,控长江中游之咽喉,扼南北交通之要冲,素有“九省通衢”之称,现全市货运吞吐量达亿吨以上。
优越的地理位置,成为历代兵家争夺的战略要地。
三国时,武汉东湖附近曾是刘备、孙权、曹操进行军事、政治活动的场所,现在留下的有刘备郊天台、吴王庙、曹操庙、洪山宝塔等古建筑。
武汉现已发展为中国中部地区工业、金融、商业、科学、文化教育中心。
武汉市属亚热带湿润季风气候,雨量充沛、日照充足,四季分明。
总体气候环境良好,近30年来,年均降雨量1269毫米,且多集中在6-8月。
年均气温15.8℃-17.5℃,年无霜期一般为211天-272天,年日照总时数1810小时-2100小时。
景观:武当山、长江三峡、神农架等。
方言 武汉话是大部分武汉居民所操方言。
武汉精神 武汉精神 武汉话在方言学的分类系谱上,属于官话方言(北方方言)中的西南官话-武汉-天门片区(武天片),与成都方言、重庆方言、贵州方言等同属一个系谱,也是西南官话地理分布上的最东端,东南端被临界的湘方言、赣方言、官话江淮方言等所包围。
饮食 武汉饮食,可谓一早一晚,过早和宵夜最为经典,有“早尝户部巷,夜吃吉庆街”之美谈。
武汉菜秉承湖北菜系风格,汇聚东西南北精华,菜品丰富多样,又自成特色,是著名的“美食之都”。
武汉特色小吃有热干面、三鲜豆皮、面窝、米粑、豆丝、欢喜坨、鸭脖子、武昌鱼、排骨藕汤、洪山菜薹炒腊肉、糍粑等。
会展 楚河汉街 楚河汉街 武汉是近代中国兴办博览会的发源地之一,1909年在武昌举办的武汉劝业奖进会,是中国最早的并较为正规的商品博览会,是中国近代史上第一个博览会。
在改革开放之前,武汉就是中国四大会展中心城市。
截至2015年底,拥有武汉国际博览中心及武汉国际会展中心、武汉科技会展中心、湖北省现代农业展示中心等展览会议场所。
第四届汉交会、第三届世界植物园大会、第十三届世界湖泊大会、第47届国际规划大会、中亚区域经济合作第11次部长会议等国际展会已相继在武汉成功举办。
艺术 音乐 武汉是“高山流水觅知音”的发源地。
武汉音乐学院和湖北美术学院的前身武昌艺术专科学校,是中国现代第一所私立艺术教育学堂,是中国最早的三所艺术专科学校之一,因此武汉也成为了中国近现代高等艺术教育的发源地之一。
武汉主要艺术表演场馆有琴台大剧院、武汉琴台音乐厅、湖北剧院、武汉剧院、洪山礼堂等。
杂技 1992年建成的武汉杂技厅,是中国第一座可供进行国际杂技、马戏表演的观演建筑,也是亚洲最大的杂技厅。
在此举办的中国武汉国际杂技艺术节,是与蒙特卡洛国际马戏节、巴黎明日国际杂技节齐名的全球三大国际杂技节,被文化部列为中国“七大对外文化交流项目”之一。
工艺 汉绣最早可以追溯到春秋战国时期,它以楚绣为基础,融汇南北诸家绣法之长,揉合出了富有鲜明地方特色的新绣法。
1910年和1915年,汉绣制品在南洋赛会和巴拿马国际博览会上获得金奖。
此外,武汉还有木雕船模制作技艺等传统工艺。
戏剧 汉剧旧名楚调、汉调,约有300多年历史,有“京剧之母”的美誉。
武汉地区其他剧种还有楚剧、湖北评书、湖北大鼓、湖北小曲等。
另外,武汉还是中国京剧第一世家“京剧谭门”的故乡。
电影 1903年5月27日,美商汇喇洋行“美国精巧新奇影戏”在老跑马厅放映,电影开始在武汉出现。
1905年,单独出演中国第一部电影《定军山》的武汉人谭鑫培是中国第一个电影演员;1911年,反映辛亥的纪录片《武汉战争》是中国最早的纪录电影。
2012年,武汉成为中国院线数量最多的城市,也是中国电影市场重要的票房高地。
宗教 截至2010年,武汉市有佛教、道教、伊斯兰教、天主教、基督教5种宗教,有市佛教协会、市道教协会、市伊斯兰教协会、市基督教协会、市基督教“三自”爱国会、市天主教协会、市天主教爱国会共7个宗教团体和武汉基督教青年会、武汉基督教女青年会2个带有宗教性的群众团体。
全市信教群众约27万人(不含佛教、道教社会信徒),其中佛教约10万人,道教约6万人,伊斯兰教约2.3万人,基督教约7万人,天主教约1.5万人。
已登记的宗教活动场所数量为485处,其中佛教204处;道教161处,基督教113处,伊斯兰教登记3处,天主教登记4处。
文化遗产 武汉将“打包”汉口租界、汉阳造、武昌首义、江汉关、辛亥首义纪念馆等,正式申报世界文化遗产。
武汉此次申遗主题为“近代文化转型遗址”,涵盖汉口原租界区、汉阳工业遗产区和武昌首义遗产区三大部分。

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s an astonishing piece of craftsmanship of a scale and grandeur guaranteed to take your breath away.
As you pause to take in the view, the individual details become more apparent.
Atop the six columns at ground level are floral capitals, while the triangular pediment depicts a gorgon’s head.
The carved figures at ground level are thought to be the sons of Zeus, while the figures on the top tier, in the sunken niches, depict two winged Victories and four figures of unknown origin.
The central figure above the entrance pediment is the source of much speculation; most scholars believe it to be an assimilation of the Egyptian goddess Isis and the Nabataean goddess Al-’Uzza, while others suggest Tyche, the Roman goddess of fortune.
Two eroded eagles stand sentry at the very top.
Regularly spaced niches on either side of the facade are suggestive of scaffolding.
Although carved out of iron-laden sandstone to serve as a tomb for the Nabataean King Aretas III (c 100 BC–AD 200), the Treasury derives its name from the story that an Egyptian pharaoh hid his treasure here (in the urn in the middle of the second level) while pursuing the Israelites.
Some locals clearly believed the tale because the 3.
5m-high urn is pockmarked by rifle shots, the results of vain attempts to break open the secret.
As with all the rock-hewn monuments in Petra, it’s the facade that captivates; the interior is just an unadorned square hall with a smaller room at the back.
The Treasury, which is 43m high and about 30m wide, is at its most photogenic in full sunlight between about 9am and 11am.
From the Treasury, the Siq veers to the right; diagonally opposite is a Sacred Hall Offline map, which may have had ritual connections with the Treasury.
One of the great experiences of Petra is watching the beaming smiles on the faces of those emerging from the Siq.
This can be easily enjoyed from the steps of the Treasury (though the smiles quickly change to grimaces if you’re sitting in someone’s picture) or better still from up high.
Petra City Centre Sights 1Altar A1 2Blue Church C1 3 Great Temple B2 4Lower Market (Upper Terrace) D3 5Lower Temenos C2 6Middle Market C2 7Monumental Propylea C2 8 Nabataean Baths B2 9 Nabataean Museum A1 10 Nymphaeum D2 11Petra Church (Byzantine Church) C1 12 Qasr al-Bint A2 13 Royal Palace C2 14Temenos B2 15 Temenos Gateway B2 16 Temple of the Winged Lions C1 17Upper Market C2 18Upper Temenos B3 Eating 19 Basin Restaurant A1 20 Nabataean Tent Restaurant A1 Street of Facades ANCIENT THOROUGHFARE From the Treasury, the passage broadens into what is commonly referred to as the Outer Siq.
Riddling the walls of the Outer Siq are over 40 tombs and houses built by the Nabataeans in a ‘crow step’ style reminiscent of Assyrian architecture.
Colloquially known as the Street of Facades, they are pleasingly accessible.
That said, most people ignore them, lured on by the majestic Theatre a few paces further on.
For those who prefer to savour the moment, there are a couple of tombs worth exploring.
The first tomb (number 67) is unusual in that it has a funeral chamber in the upper storey.
The low entryway highlights how the valley floor has risen over the centuries thanks to the debris washed down during flash floods.
Nearby, tomb 70 is unusual in that it is freestanding, with a ziggurat-style top that makes it look like a miniature fort.
If you can stay your curiosity even longer, take the steps up to the High Place of Sacrifice from here (while you have the energy) and leave the Theatre either for the way down or the way back from Petra city centre.
LOVING PETRA TO DEATH It seems ironic that after 1000 years of obscurity, if not neglect, Petra owes its current fragility to a renaissance of interest.
In a ‘good’ year half a million people visit, putting a huge strain on the management of one of the world’s best-loved antiquities.
The combination of thousands of footprints a day, increased humidity levels from the breath of tourists in the most popular tombs and erosion caused by adventurous travellers clambering over monuments and steep hillsides combine to threaten Petra’s longevity.
Acutely aware of the problems, a number of local, national and international bodies have been cooperating for more than a decade to protect and enhance the 853 sq km site.
For the most part Petra is now spotlessly clean, thanks to constant maintenance, more toilet facilities and a shift in attitude from visitors, who largely carry their rubbish back out with them.
Other improvements include the use of an invisible mortar to conserve fragile masonry and replace unsightly cement used in previous restoration attempts; major shoring up of the Siq; and ongoing conservation of tomb facades.
Rampant development in Wadi Musa has also been checked, an infrastructure of drainage and sewerage systems installed and a moratorium enforced on the building of unsightly hotels that impinge on the sense of seclusion in Petra.
Better signage and trail markers are yet to appear.
These conservation measures, however, will only save Petra for future generations with the cooperation of visitors.
Each tourist can play their part by sticking to trails, not clambering over the monuments, resisting the temptation to touch crumbling masonry, removing their litter and using designated toilet facilities.
These things sound obvious, but judging by a piece of graffiti that reads ‘Daniel 2008’ on top of one of the High Places, responsible tourism may still be a long time coming.
High Place of Sacrifice (Al-Madbah) VIEWPOINT The most accessible of the many mountain-top sites (called ‘High Places’) at Petra is the High Place of Sacrifice, referred to locally as Al-Madbah (the Altar).
The Nabataeans levelled the top of Jebel Madbah to make a platform, digging large depressions with drains to channel the blood of sacrificial animals.
At first there doesn’t seem much to see except some weathered steps, but this is in fact one of the best-preserved sacred sacrificial sites from ancient times.
Look first for two obelisks Offline map that mark the entrance to the site.
Over 6m high, these are remarkable structures because they are carved out of the rock face, not built upon it: looking at the negative space surrounding them, you can understand the truly epic scale of excavation involved.
Dedicated to the Nabataean gods Dushara and Al-’Uzza, their iron-rich stone glows in the sun and they act like totems of this once-hallowed ground.
The altar area includes a large rectangular triclinium, where celebrants at the sacrifice shared a communal supper.
In the middle of the High Place, there’s a large stone block preceded by three steps.
This is a motab, or repository, where the god statues involved in the procession would have been kept.
Next to it is the circular altar, reached by another three steps; stone water-basins nearby were used for cleansing and purifying.
The faint bleat of sheep or the clunk of a goat bell evokes the ancient scene – except that no ordinary person would have been permitted to enter this holy of holies at that time.
Cast an eye across the superb panorama in front of you – far above the mortal goings-on of both ancient and modern city – and it’s easy to see how this site must have seemed closer to the sky than the earth.
To rea

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