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local customs, tourist attractions
Zhoukou City is located in the southeast of Henan Province, China. It is located at the intersection of Shahe, Yinghe and Jialu rivers.
Fuyang City in Anhui Province in the east, Luohe City and Xuchang City in Henan Province in the west, Zhumadian City in the south, Kaifeng City and Shangqiu City in the north.
Zhoukou City has a long history and splendid culture. It has a civilization history of more than 6,000 years.
Taihao Fuxi established its capital here, and Yandi Shennong planted five grains, which initiated the ancient civilization of the Chinese nation.
Zhou Kou belongs to Chen Guoguo. The Book of Songs, Chen Feng, is in sight.
At the end of the Warring States Period, it was the seat of the capital of Chu.
In the peasant uprising in the late Qin Dynasty, Chen Sheng established the Zhangchu regime here.
During the Han Dynasty, Chen was the emperor's territory, prosperous and prosperous.
Since the Wei and Jin Dynasties, Huaiyang has been the center of county houses.
Zhoukou is the capital of Fuxi. Laozi's hometown has the reputation of "the pioneer of China and the sacred site of Kyushu". It has been praised as "the important place where Chinese culture originated" by the All-China Fuxi Cultural Research Association.
Zhoukou has formed a complete industrial system with food processing, textile and apparel, medicine and chemical industry as its pillar and electricity, machinery, leather and fur as its characteristics.
With well-known industrial brands at home and abroad, Lianhua Group's production capacity ranks among the top four in the same industry in the world, and its single factory output ranks first in the world. Songhe Liquor's high-and low-alcohol grain liquor has won the national gold medal and entered the ranks of national famous liquor. The cowhide and leather products produced by Henan Shoecheng Leather Group are exported to many countries and regions.
Located in warm temperate zone, the climate is cold in winter and hot in summer. This ancient sacred place, with a long history and a long history, is one of the birthplaces of the ancient culture of the Chinese nation. The ancestor of human beings, Taihao Fu Xidu Wanqiu (now Huaiyang County), is the Eight Diagrams, netting and teaching people to hunt and fish;
the Chinese goddess Wa's capital Xihua, making people from earth, refining stones to fill the sky, fostering everything; Emperor Yan Shennong's capital Chen (now Huaiyang County), tasting hundreds of grasses, arts and five grains, teaching people's crops, creating a new era of planting and breeding in China; ancient philosophers, the first Taoist nose of 100 celebrities in the world. Laozi Zu (named Li Er), born in Kuxian (today's Luyi County), went west to Hangu, and wrote 5,000-word Tao Te Jing, which has been circulating for thousands of years, longitudes and latitudes in China,
Chen Sheng and Wu Guang, leaders of the first peasant uprising in China, established the first peasant regime in Chencheng (today's Huaiyang); Chen Xu, an outstanding Chinese Yi scholar, was born in Luyi County; and Chen Zhou, under Baozheng, relieved disasters, which led to a period of relief. Famous stories; Yuan Shikai, the last Hong Xian emperor of the Chinese feudal dynasty, was born in this city; Ji Hongchang, a famous anti-Japanese general, was born in Fugou County; and more than ten surnames, such as Chen, Li and Xie, originated in Zhoukou.
The geographical environment of Zhoukou City is superior, with thousands of miles in Pingchuan, boundless horizons and deep and fertile soil. The meandering areas of the tributaries of the Huaihe River, such as Shaying River, Tuohui River, Xifei River and Hongru River, provide unique conditions for the development of agriculture, forestry and Fisheries in the city.
Zhoukou takes the lead in agricultural development. The total output of grain and cotton ranks first in Henan Province, accounting for 1/6 and 1/4 of the whole province, respectively. It is a well-known grain and cotton region in China. The main crops are wheat, corn, soybean, cotton, sesame, tobacco leaves and so on. The
aquaculture industry mainly consists of pigs, cattle and sheep. It has become an important production and export base for wheat, cotton, Huai Goat Skin, live pig and yellow cattle in the state and Henan province. Forestry is a well-known advanced city of plain greening in China.
Landscape: Taiqing Palace, Shanshan Guild Hall, Taihao Mausoleum, Pruning Park, Nuwa Ancient City, Yuan Shikai's former residence, Jihongchang Memorial Hall, Dengcheng Ye House < br> Zhoukou fishing drum: the fishing drum is also called "fishing drum and Taoism". The local people call it "bang bang bang Zi". Its form is to use a three foot three inch long bamboo tube, covered with pig's guard pads, and put on wooden boards to play rap and rap.

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h blankets.
That said, Titu, a worker here, is a very amusing and hospitable guy (ask him to do one of his ‘dancing cleaning’ routines!) who runs good tours (sunrise trips are 60,000Rp).
There’s a restaurant downstairs for local and Western grub.
It’s by the Wonosobo junction.
Information The BRI Bank, near Hotel Gunung Mas, changes US dollars.
Getting There & Away Dieng is 26km from Wonosobo (8000Rp, one hour), which is the usual access point.
It’s possible to reach Dieng from Yogyakarta in one day (including a stop at Borobudur) by public bus, provided you leave early enough to make the connection; the route is Yogyakarta–Borubudur–Magelang–Wonosobo–Dieng.
Travel agents including Great Tour ( 027 458 3221; www.greattoursjogja.com) in Yogyakarta offer day-trips for 175,000Rp that include sunset at Borobudur, but you’ll spend a lot of your time on a bus and (unless you’re fortunate) generally end up seeing Dieng clouded in mist.
Borobudur 0293 Like Angkor Wat in Cambodia and Bagan in Myanmar, Java’s Borobudur makes the rest of Southeast Asia’s spectacular sites seem almost incidental.
Looming out of a patchwork of bottle-green paddies and swaying palms, this colossal Buddhist monument has survived Gunung Merapi’s eruptions, terrorist bombs and the 2006 earthquake to remain as enigmatic and as beautiful as it must have been 1200 years ago.
It’s well worth planning to spend a few days in the Borobudur region, which is a supremely beautiful landscape of impossibly green rice fields and traditional rice-growing kampung, all overlooked by soaring volcanic peaks.
Locals call it the garden of Java.
This region is establishing itself as Indonesia’s most important centre for Buddhism, and there are now three monasteries in the surrounding district.
Visitors are welcome and you can even join the monks at prayer time for chanting.
UNDER ATTACK In its 1200 years, Borobudur has repeatedly suffered attack from forces of nature and at the hands of humans.
During its period of abandonment, which lasted for as much as a millennia, earthquakes and volcanic eruptions destablised the monument further and the Javanese jungle reclaimed the site as giant roots penetrated the monument and prised apart stone blocks.
After rediscovery its fame grew and in 1896 King Chulalongkorn of Siam visited and removed dozens of sculptures and relief panels; some are now on display in the National Museum in Bangkok.
On 21 January 1985, bombs planted by opponents of Suharto exploded on the upper layers of the monument.
Nine small stupas were damaged, but were later fully restored.
Periodically, the highly active Merapi volcano has also damaged the site – in 2010 eruptions covered the monument with a thick layer of dust and 55,000 stone blocks had to be removed so the blocked drainage system could be cleared.
Right now it’s the sheer pressure of numbers which is most worrying.
On holidays up to 90,000 people ascend the temple, and despite (deafening) warnings from PA systems, some idiots still clamber over the statues and deface the reliefs.
Many locals feel that a system to manage numbers must be introduced, with guides escorting groups around the monument.
History Rulers of the Sailendra dynasty built Borobudur some time between AD 750 and AD 850.
Little else is known about Borobudur’s early history, but the Sailendras must have recruited a huge workforce, as some 60,000 cubic metres of stone had to be hewn, transported and carved during its construction.
The name Borobudur is possibly derived from the Sanskrit words ‘Vihara Buddha Uhr’, which mean ‘Buddhist Monastery on the Hill’.
With the decline of Buddhism and the shift of power to East Java, Borobudur was abandoned soon after completion and for centuries lay forgotten.
It was only in 1815, when Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles governed Java, that the site was cleared and the sheer magnitude of the builders’ imagination and technical skill was revealed.
Early in the 20th century the Dutch began to tackle the restoration of Borobudur, but over the years the supporting hill had become waterlogged and the whole immense stone mass started to subside.
A mammoth US$25-million Unesco-sponsored restoration project was undertaken between 1973 and 1983 to stabilise and restore the monument.
This involved taking most of it apart stone by stone, adding new concrete foundations, inserting PVC and a lead drainage system, and then putting the whole shebang back together again.
In 1991 Borobudur was declared a World Heritage Site.
MAKE THE MOST OF BOROBUDUR Borobudur is Indonesia’s most popular tourist attraction; it’s crowded and noisy, at all times, especially on weekends.
The golden rule is to arrive as early as you can, ideally be at the gate just before the site opens at 6am, or fork out extra for sunrise entry (4.
30am).
This way you’ll arrive at the least crowded, coolest and most photogenic time of day.
Most of the tour groups and school parties don’t get in till 7.
30am or later.
Hawkers both outside and inside the archaeological park can be very pushy but are sometimes put off if you tell them in Bahasa Indonesia that you are a resident of Yogyakarta ( saya tinggal di Yogyakarta ).
Most visitors are groups from distant corners of Java.
Many have never seen foreigners in the flesh before so expect plenty of requests for photos.
An mp3 player and some inspirational music helps cut out the noise of the crowds.
There’s a small hill with some shade 100m or so directly south of the temple, where you can escape the hoards and contemplate the monument in peace.
Visitors who stay locally in Borobudur village hotels qualify for a 20,000Rp discount (ask for a voucher), another worthwhile reason to stay in the region for a few days and escape urban Java.
Sights Borobudur Temple TEMPLE (adults/students with ID US$20/10, sunrise 280,000Rp, guided 90-min tour for 1- 5 people 70,000Rp; 6am-5.
15pm) Borobudur is built from two million stone blocks in the form of a massive symmetrical stupa, literally wrapped around a small hill.
Standing on a 118m by 118m base, its six square terraces are topped by three circular ones, with four stairways leading up through carved gateways to the top.
The paintwork is long gone, but it’s thought that the grey stone of Borobudur was once coloured to catch the sun.
Viewed from the air, the structure resembles a colossal three-dimensional tantric mandala (symbolic circular figure).
It has been suggested, in fact, that the people of the Buddhist community that once supported Borobudur were early Vajrayana or Tantric Buddhists who used it as a walk-through mandala.
The monument was conceived as a Buddhist vision of the cosmos in stone, starting in the everyday world and spiralling up to nirvana, the Buddhist heaven.
At the base of the monument is a series of reliefs representing a world dominated by passion and desire, where the good are rewarded by reincarnation as a higher form of life, while the evil are punished by a lowlier reincarnation.
These carvings and their carnal scenes are covered by stone to hide them from view, but they are partly visible on the southern side.
Starting at the main eastern gateway, go clockwise (as one should around all Buddhist monuments) around the galleries of the stupa.
Although Borobudur is impressive for its sheer bulk, the delicate sculptural

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